The countries that were not present in the congress didn’t have much importance in deciding the future of Europe. It was a scene I shall never forget. "The pacification of Europe" in A.W. in, Sluga, Glenda. The final overthrow of Napoleon and his exile to St. Helena allowed the new system for the government of Europe as laid down by the Congress of Vienna to be tried. It is because most of the countries in Europe are colonies of other countries in charge of higher power and authority. [citation needed], Representatives at the Congress agreed to numerous other territorial changes. "The Hundred Days, the Congress of Vienna and the Atlantic Slave Trade." In sum, the Congress of Vienna was a victory for conservatism (see below). A congress held between delegates from different countries will include selfish ideas mostly beneficial to a particular country. The Congress of Vienna After Napoleon was exiled, government leaders in Europe wanted to bring peace and stability back to the continent The nations that made up the Grand Alliance met to decide the fate of European nations o Austria, Britain, Prussia, and Russia. Though there were subsequent strife and conflicts between countries, the laid out system from the congress is still in effect. [34] Austria was fearful this would make Russia much too powerful, a view which was supported by Britain. Ensuring that no country could dominate the continent, politically & militarily … Among these is Henry Kissinger, who in 1954 wrote his doctoral dissertation, A World Restored, on it. Congress Of Vienna Success Or Failure. Prussia’s hostility for France was apparent that even at the congress held in Vienna, they suggested that France should not be pardoned. It was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Viennafrom November 1814 to June 1815. Before the opening of the Paris peace conference of 1918, the British Foreign Office commissioned a history of the Congress of Vienna to serve as an example to its own delegates of how to achieve an equally successful peace. The congress is historically the first congress comprising of conflicting bodies that engaged in face to face negotiations. ", Webster, C.K. It might sound like an insult or underrating of the other countries, but it is the truth. (pick 2) answer choices . Russia wanted most of Poland, and Prussia wanted all of Saxony, whose king had allied with Napoleon. Willner, Mark – Hero, George – Weiner, Jerry Global (2006). Oppose Liberalism. During the Congress of Vienna, what was the goal of the “balance of power” doctrine? The Congress's principal results, apart from its confirmation of France's loss of the territories annexed between 1795 and 1810, which had already been settled by the Treaty of Paris, were the enlargement of Russia, (which gained most of the Duchy of Warsaw) and Prussia, which acquired the district of Poznań, Swedish Pomerania, Westphalia and the northern Rhineland. The goals were coined out from a standpoint to unite the scattered European countries. Countries with whom the war had a positive effect on gained more control. To restore balance, France had to lose most of its colonies. The Congress of Vienna met in 1814-1815 to re-establish European order and essentially “undo” the French Revolution. The Congress of Vienna settlement formed the framework for European international politics until the outbreak of the First World War in 1914. He restructured and reshaped every country and territory captured by his soldiers. In answering the question, what was the goal of the congress of Vienna, we need to understand that the primary goal of holding the congress of Vienna was to sponsor unity and balance in power among European countries. Napoleon's main policy goal at Erfurt was to impede any future alliance between Russia and Austria. Spain did not sign the treaty but ratified it in 1817. It remade Europe after the downfall of the French Emperor Napoleon I. Ask your question. Political inequality at the Congress of Vienna. The countries represented in the congress were Spain, France, Russia, Prussia, Britain, etc. "[32] Talleyrand skirted additional articles suggested by Labrador: he had no intention of handing over the 12,000 afrancesados – Spanish fugitives, sympathetic to France, who had sworn fealty to Joseph Bonaparte, nor the bulk of the documents, paintings, pieces of fine art, and books that had been looted from the archives, palaces, churches and cathedrals of Spain. Zawadzki, "Russia and the Re-Opening of the Polish Question, 1801-1814,". What happened to the German States that were originally taken over by Napoleon after the Congress of Vienna? In a technical sense, the "Congress of Vienna" was not properly a congress: it never met in plenary session. Under the Treaty of Paris (1814) Article VIII France ceded to Britain the islands of "Tobago and Saint Lucia, and of the Isle of France and its dependencies, especially Rodrigues and Les Seychelles",[43][44] and under the Treaty between Great Britain and Austria, Prussia and Russia, respecting the Ionian Islands (signed in Paris on 5 November 1815), as one of the treaties signed during the Peace of Paris (1815), Britain obtained a protectorate over the United States of the Ionian Islands. "II. "[46] Historian Paul Schroeder argues that the old formulae for "balance of power" were in fact highly destabilizing and predatory. ", Peterson, Genevieve. Negotiations continued despite the outbreak of fighting triggered by Napoleon's dramatic return from exile and resumption of power in France during the Hundred Days of March to July 1815. There were two opposing political philosophies that greatly influenced events in the 1800's. The Congress of Vienna was only the beginning of the conservative reaction bent on containing the liberal and nationalist forces unleashed by the French Revolution. Russia gained parts of Poland. Olson, James Stuart – Shadle, Robert (1991). Whatever the merit of this hypothesis, the aim of promoting peace is the primary goal of the international dialogue we seek. The Congress of Vienna (September 1814–June 1815) was the climax of Metternich’s work of reconstruction. The Congress of Vienna changed the course of history and created a new pathway for Europe. Through conservative and diplomatic statecraft, their goal was to restore order and create a framework for peace and stability in Europe. Meanwhile, the committee of eight dealt with more-general matters. Its purpose was to define the political power balance, provide a long-lasting peace plan, and divide European territories between the countries that played leading roles in Napoleon’s overthrow. France lost all its recent conquests while Prussia, Austria and Russia made major territorial gains. What were the goals of Prussia at the Congress of Vienna? However, other countries were quick to react and overruled Prussia’s suggestion because it might cause more separation than unity. Portugal is historically Britain's oldest ally, and with British support succeeded in having the re-incorporation of Olivenza decreed in Article CV of the General Treaty of the Final Act, which stated that "The Powers, recognizing the justice of the claims of ... Portugal and the Brazils, upon the town of Olivenza, and the other territories ceded to Spain by the Treaty of Badajoz of 1801". It served as the foundation that shined a light on the paradigm of proper authority. Before that time, negotiations were faceless. The congress is the most influential body that governs and controls the Soviet Union. Another important goal of the Congress of Vienna was to restore old boundaries in Europe since Napoleon had conquered a large portion of this continent. Draw an acceptable peace agreement in Europe. His second attempt only lasted for a hundred days before he was finally defeated. The three nations signed a secret treaty on 3 January 1815, agreeing to go to war against Russia and Prussia, if necessary, to prevent the Russo-Prussian plan from coming to fruition. History has it that the unity enjoyed in Europe to date is as a result of the congress. [41], A large United Kingdom of the Netherlands was formed for the Prince of Orange, including both the old United Provinces and the formerly Austrian-ruled territories in the Southern Netherlands. He says the Congress System was deliberate conflict management and was the first genuine attempt to create an international order based upon consensus rather than conflict. The congress of Vienna was successful in implementing its goals in the European system. "The Congress of Vienna, 1814-1815: diplomacy, political culture and sociability. Status quo ante bellum. Before the revolutionary and Napoleonic wars, there was a balance in force among the European giants. During the reign of Napoleon in France, the war was the norm of the day. The congress of Vienna was an impromptu assembly held after Napoleon of France was defeated. To create lasting peace in Europe;Establish a balance of power;Re-establish the monarchies;Re-draw the map,placing the middle of stronger countries … Emperor Napoleon was defeated in May 1814 and Cossacks marched along … Which of the following was a major goal of the Congress of Vienna? As a result of this, France lost all its conquests and its boundaries returned to the point they were in 1792 , while the other territories were distributed among the other European powers. However, in this case, the European giants in the eighties were left with no choice if they desire to regain full control of their domains. Leaders at the congress agreed to a balance of power in Europe. [40], The Papal States were restored to the Pope. An Australian statesman was the convener of the congress. Get the answers you need, now! France, which was the known traitor, had representatives pleading for their punishment to be limited. A brief look at the Congress of Vienna's main participants and some vocabulary. They also lost control of some of their areas to avoid balance. Napoleon, which conquered more areas for France, helped in distorting the balance of power. The ‘long 19th century’ was a period of relative peace that began arguably with the Congress of Vienna in September 1814 and lasted until the outbreak of the First World War in July 1914. B: Dividing authority between kings and parliaments. Talleyrand's policy, directed as much by national as personal ambitions, demanded the close but by no means amicable relationship he had with Labrador, whom Talleyrand regarded with disdain. The immediate background was Napoleonic France's defeat and surrender in May 1814, which brought an end to 23 years of nearly continuous war. The Congress of Vienna validated these points as it took place between countries of higher authority and power. Prussia had more territories to expand their reach and build reliable defense systems around their borders. 2. "If it means so little, why did you sign it?" He says the Congress of Vienna avoided them and instead set up rules that produced a stable and benign equilibrium. ALL of the states' initial territory was added to Austria and Prussia. Failure to adhere to these reformations attracted penalties such as death, imprisonment, starvation, etc. The Goal of the Congress of Vienna. The individual suggestions were limited and subjected to only plans that will sponsor peace and balance in power. Join now. What was the goal of the Congress of Vienna? In the 20th century, however, many historians came to admire the statesmen at the Congress, whose work prevented another widespread European war for nearly 100 years (1815–1914). Bankers at the Congress of Vienna, and in International History. An abnormality has risen and destroyed the laid out structure of the entire European system. 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